Gastrointestinal cancer is usually a group of cancers upsetting organs like stomach, oesophagus, gall bladder, bowels, rectum, anus, liver, and pancreas. Cancer can make a mass or ulcer inside the stomach or it may spread diffusely during the complete wall of the stomach. Stomach cancer is also named as gastric cancer. It is increasingly normal in men. Treatment opportunities that are available for treating gastrointestinal cancers are Surgery, Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy.

Bowel, wherein tumours form in the small intestine.
Colorectal, which stand up in fleshy growths called polyps within the colon or rectum.
Oesophageal, which happens in the throat, the tube that joins the throat to the stomach.
Gastric, in which tumours form in the coating of the stomach.
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST), which are supposed to develop from cells in the gastrointestinal tract called interstitial cells of Cajal.
Other digestive organs, like the gallbladder, bile ducts, liver or pancreas.

Symptoms

Symptoms differ depending on the kind of gastrointestinal cancer and may consist of:

Abdominal discomfort — Pain, sensitivity, cramping or bloating could be present.
Bleeding — Rectal bleeding or blood within the stool is often present.
Change in bowel habits — Diarrhea, constipation or change in stool shape or unevenness may develop.
Exhaustion — Persistent, unexplained tiredness or weakness is common.
Unexplained sickness — Nausea could also be accompanied via vomiting or weight loss.

Causes

In general, most cancer starts when a blunder (transformation) happens in a cell’s DNA. The transformation makes the cell to develop and split at a quick rate and to keep living when a normal cell would die. The gathering of cancerous cells forms a tumour that can attack nearby structures. And cancer cells can break down from the tumour to spread all through the body.

Gastrointestinal junction cancer is related to having gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) and less powerfully, with weight problem and smoking. GERD may be a disorder caused by a frequent backflow of belly acid into the oesophagus.

There is a solid connection between an eating routine high in smoked and salted foods and stomach cancer located in the main part of the stomach because the use of freezing for preserving foods has increased all over the world, the rates of gastrointestinal cancer have declined.

Risk Factors

The specific reasons for several sorts of gastrointestinal cancer are not clear and the risk factors differ but may additionally consist of:

Environmental factors, like drinking liquor, obesity, smoking or eating a diet high in animal fats or processed, cured or salted foods.

Genetic changes, also genetic from parents or acquired over a lifetime.

Medical conditions, for example, gastroesophageal reflux disease, which can cause oesophageal cancer or infection with Helicobacter pylori, which is strongly related to gastric cancer.

Prevention

It is still not clear what causes gastrointestinal cancer or stomach cancer, so there is no way to avoid it. In any case, you can take steps to decrease your risk of gastrointestinal cancer and other stomach cancer by making some small changes in your everyday life. For example, try to:

Exercise. Daily exercise is related to a decreased risk of stomach cancer. Try to be fit physical activity into your day most days of the week.

Eat extra fruits and vegetables. Try to eat more fruits and vegetables daily. Select a wide range of colourful fruits and vegetables.

Decrease the quantity of salty and smoked foods you eat. Protect your stomach by limiting these foods.

Stop smoking. If you smoke, quit. If you don’t smoke, don’t start. Smoking will increase the risk of gastrointestinal cancer, as well as several other kinds of cancer. Leaving smoking can be very hard, so ask your doctor for help.

Gastrointestinal Cancer Treatment

Treatment of this kind of cancer depends on several issues like kind of cancer, stage and other general health factors.

Treatment Options

Treatment decisions depend upon the sort and stage of gastrointestinal cancer and may consist of:

• Chemotherapy — Anti-cancer medicines taken orally, infused or injected kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing.
• Precision therapies — Targeted treatment medicines identify molecular weaknesses in cancer cells, while immunotherapy stimulates the body’s immune system to search and kill cancer cells.
• Radiation therapy — High-energy beams that finish gastrointestinal cancer could also be delivered from outside the body or from a device set internally.
• Surgery — A variety of methods could be utilized to surely and safely remove cancerous tissue.

What sort of surgery do I require?

The kind of surgery you require for cancer of the stomach depends on:

  • the stage and kind of your cancer
  • where it’s in your stomach

Operations to get rid of stomach cancer are major surgery. You’ve got them under general anaesthetic. You’ll be asleep for the entire operation. You may require to travel to a specialist centre for the process of your surgery. A lot of people want surgery to get rid of all or part of their stomach. You would not require a stoma (bag). For extremely small, early cancers your doctor could be ready to remove the lining of your stomach.