Lawyers practice in various fields that range from patent law to divorce law. They navigate the intricacies of the legal system on their clients’ behalf. A lawyer needs to be formally educated and should possess the ability to handle a competitive working environment.

Elements of Legal Work

Lawyers are also known as attorneys and they serve as counselors, advisors and advocates to clients they represent. Their job involves advising clients regarding their legal options and providing representation for them in civil or criminal court proceedings. A lawyer works within the courtroom along with performing several tasks outside court, which include offering legal advice to clients, preparing cases and carrying out research.


The duties that a lawyer performs vary and ultimately depend on the kind of law they specialize in. For instance, criminal lawyers are likely to spend more time in the courtroom than tax lawyers who are not typically involved in defense or prosecution. Duties may consist of evaluating laws, choosing jurors, consulting colleagues, gathering evidence, talking to clients filing briefs and legal research.

Working Environment

The particular job that an attorney chooses determines the work environment. Individuals may hold positions in an organization, corporation or government office, run a solo practice or work for a law firm. Some lawyers are self-employed while others provide offer legal services through law firms as they work in corporate or privately owned offices.


Laws exist for virtually every aspect of daily life from marriage to finance. Layers typically specialize in certain areas in order for them to be able to provide good counsel. Specializations include environmental law, patent law, divorce law, business law and tax law. Find a Houston divorce lawyer here.

Variety of Fields

Lawyers perform a critical role because law is integrated in all aspects of society. There are different areas of law and can be broadly divided between lawyers who do commercial work and those who deal with individuals. A banking lawyer can scrutinize major bank loans while a personal injury attorney counsels an individual who has had an accident.

  • Corporate and commercial lawyers provide advice for complex transactions and different types of businesses. Company law may involve the rights and responsibilities of directors, shareholders’ rights and board meetings. Corporate work usually deals with share issues, joint ventures, acquisitions and mergers.
  • Criminal lawyers represent and advise their clients who are facing criminal charges that range from minor to serious crimes.
  • As a lawyer handling employment, the role is to work on disputes, help to draft employment contracts or offer advice on working conditions. Clients may be employers or employees.
  • Family attorneys handle all legal matters that pertain to marriage, cohabitation, separation, divorce as well as legal issues that relate to children. This area of law also consists of prenuptial contracts, inheritance issues and financial negotiations.
  • Intellectual property law encompasses the protection of intellectual ideas through patents, trademarks and copyright. Intellectual property lawyers deal with issues that range from infringement disputes to commercial exploitation.


Lawyers generally provide assistance and advice on legal matters. They are a vital point of initial contact for individuals and organizations that seek legal help and representation. The fundamentals of legal work are similar in different areas of law. These include a combination of contentious and advisory work.

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